Tag Archives: diversity management

Evaluative Diversity in the Body of Christ

Stained glass scene
Paul Separated from Ephesus

On February 8, 2015, at Grace United Methodist Church in Belleville, WI, Chris Santos-Lang will speak about Ephesians 4:11-16 and its relationship to evaluativism.

Ephesians 4:11 (NIV) says: “So Christ himself gave the apostles, the prophets, the evangelists, the pastors and teachers“. Chris will discuss how this passage can reflect diverse priorities:

  •  Apostles (the face of the church) – Priority on image
  •  Pastors (protectors) – Priority on the family
  •  Evangelists – Priority beyond the family
  •  Prophets – Priority on new wisdom
  •  Teachers – Priority on established wisdom

Many bible commentaries claim that the diversity described in this passage decreased as the church evolved to its modern state. For example, Matthew Henry’s Commentary says:

The officers which Christ gave to his church were of two sorts—extraordinary ones advanced to a higher office in the church: such were apostles, prophets, and evangelists. …And then there are ordinary ministers, employed in a lower and narrower sphere; as pastors and teachers…how rich is the church, that had at first such a variety of officers and has still such a variety of gifts!

Chris will review evidence that Americans tend to segregate based on values without even realizing it, much as cells of the body segregate into organs, and that this evaluativism could explain the decrease of evaluative diversity in the church. A better understanding of this phenomenon (which spans sociology, neuroscience and genetics) may help us better judge whether it is possible, or desirable, to reduce such segregation.

If you want to know what recent science tells us about this kind of discrimination, you are invited to join Grace United Methodist Church for our regular Sunday service at 10:00 am on February 8 at 246 West Pearl Street in Belleville, WI.

Chris’ opinions do not necessary reflect the opinions of Grace UMC nor the United Methodist Church at large.

Naturally Relational, Chapter 4 of GRIN Free-GRIN Together

Photo by Petr Novák, WikipediaA draft of “Naturally Relational,”  the fourth chapter of the proposed book, GRIN Free – GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should), has been posted at GRINFree.com. This is the second of four chapters describing the heritage, social importance, and needs of people by GRIN-type. It is designed to foster sensitivity and appreciation for the naturally relational, and to offer practical suggestions about creating social environments which support them.

Our Responsibility to Manage Evaluative Diversity


Published in this month’s Computers & SocietyOur Responsibility to Manage Evaluative Diversity, summarizes Moral Ecology Approaches and the GRINSQ validation study. Responding to Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, it describes the responsibility of the information technology industry to protect evaluative diversity (much like the responsibilities of the energy and manufacturing industries to protect biodiversity).

We all need to be aware of the value of diversity, but certain industries have special responsibility because mass-production can have especially high impact (good, as well as bad) on ecosystems. Massive swathes of decision-making are already designed in bulk by software makers and distributors such as Samsung, Apple, Accenture, Tata, Deloitte, Foxconn, HP, IBM,  Microsoft, Amazon, Google, Facebook, Dell, Oracle, PWC, Yahoo, Baidu, KPMG, Ernst & Young, SAP, Wikimedia, Symantec, eBay, Tencent, and Infosys. If  no trusted-third-party monitors specific impacts, these kinds of companies will likely take blame by default. On the other hand, the discovery of social responsibility also provides opportunity to differentiate themselves.

If you cannot access the article from the Computers & Society website, you can find a cached draft here.

Natural Gadfly, Chapter 3 of GRIN Free-GRIN Together

Natural GadflyA draft of “Natural Gadfly,”  the third chapter of the proposed book, GRIN Free – GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should), has been posted at GRINFree.com. This is the first of four chapters describing the heritage, social importance, and needs of people by GRIN-type. It is designed to foster sensitivity and appreciation for natural gadflies, and to offer practical suggestions about creating social environments which support them.

GRIN FREE — GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should)

by Christopher Santos-Lang

Expert scholarship related through stories, this book empowers readers to free themselves from GRIN-closeting, free their loved-ones from GRIN-discrimination, and maintain environments where GRIN-diversity can flourish.

Introduction

Part 1: GRIN Free

Chapter 1: Discovering How to Be More Free
The story of how evaluative diversity is being discovered.

Chapter 2: Identify Yourself
A self quiz which allows readers to benchmark themselves.

Chapter 3: Natural Gadfly
The legacies, social value, and needs of natural gadflies.

Chapter 4: Naturally Relational
The legacies, social value, and needs of the naturally relational.

Chapter 5: Naturally Institutional 
The legacies, social value, and needs of the naturally institutional.

Chapter 6: Natural Negotiator
The legacies, social value, and needs of natural negotiators.

Chapter 7: Discovering Other Orientations
How to extend the GRIN model.

Chapter 8: Monitor Your Freedom via Smartphone
Emerging technologies for promoting GRIN-freedom.

Part 2: GRIN Together

Chapter 9: GRIN Ecosystem Management
Applying lessons from biological ecosystems

Chapter 10: Altruism
How flourishing societies balance individualism

Chapter 11: Mysticism
How flourishing societies balance reason

Chapter 12: Social Change
How flourishing societies balance inherited norms

Chapter 13: Expecting the Unexpectable
How flourishing societies balance negotiation

Chapter 14: Rules Against Rule-Following
How flourishing societies balance institutions

Chapter 15: Imitating Non-imitators
How flourishing societies balance relationship

Chapter 16: Deviating from Deviance
How flourishing societies balance gadflies

I’d like to secure a literary agent before finishing this book, so it will benefit from the agent’s input. If you’d like to recommend a literary agent, please contact me. If you’d like to see it published, please join the newsletter list.  The larger the list, the more potential publishers will expect publishing this book to be worth their investment.

Ancient tools for managing evaluative diversity

The Teachings are a set of tools used to balance evaluative types in Judaism, Hinduism, Taoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, Christianity, Islam, Science, and perhaps other institutions as well. The fact that all eight of these institutions employ this same set of tools raises the question of whether it is possible for a society to flourish long-term without the Teachings, without the humility they facilitate, and without the active evaluative diversity which humility permits.

Humility is itself a balance between relinquishing power and maintaining one’s identity. Being humble is different from being closeted (i.e. when one hides one’s identity), but it nonetheless resolves conflict. If humility is spread across all evaluative types, then none is oppressed and there is a truly rich collaboration. Thus, among social creatures, humility is extremely valuable. However, it may be difficult to obtain without the help of the Teachings.

Less institutional tools exist for managing evaluative diversity, but the Teachings are time-tested, so excluding them from one’s management strategy could be risky. As their name suggests, to implement the Teachings involves communicating them. That may require translating them into other languages, explaining them, motivating learners to attend to them (especially when the communication is a reminder), and/or creating learning capacities and environments.

The full set of Teachings includes:

To balance individualism: The Teaching of Altruism
To balance reason: The Teaching of Mysticism
To balance inherited norms: The Teaching of Social Change
To balance negotiation: Expecting the Unexpectable
To balance institutions: Rules Against Rule-Following
To balance relationship: Imitating Non-imitators
To balance gadflies: Deviating from Deviance