Moral Ecology Approaches to Machine Ethics

picture of an ecosystemThe book Machine Medical Ethics, including the chapter Moral Ecology Approaches to Machine Ethics, was published by Springer this month. In addition to describing the GRIN model of evaluative diversity among machines and citing examples of technologies aimed to preserve evaluative ecosystems, it reviews the state of research into evaluative diversity among humans. A cached copy of the chapter can be found here.

Naturally Relational, Chapter 4 of GRIN Free-GRIN Together

Photo by Petr Novák, WikipediaA draft of “Naturally Relational,”  the fourth chapter of the proposed book, GRIN Free – GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should), has been posted at GRINFree.com. This is the second of four chapters describing the heritage, social importance, and needs of people by GRIN-type. It is designed to foster sensitivity and appreciation for the naturally relational, and to offer practical suggestions about creating social environments which support them.

Our Responsibility to Manage Evaluative Diversity


Published in this month’s Computers & SocietyOur Responsibility to Manage Evaluative Diversity, summarizes Moral Ecology Approaches and the GRINSQ validation study. Responding to Nick Bostrom’s Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies, it describes the responsibility of the information technology industry to protect evaluative diversity (much like the responsibilities of the energy and manufacturing industries to protect biodiversity).

We all need to be aware of the value of diversity, but certain industries have special responsibility because mass-production can have especially high impact (good, as well as bad) on ecosystems. Massive swathes of decision-making are already designed in bulk by software makers and distributors such as Samsung, Apple, Accenture, Tata, Deloitte, Foxconn, HP, IBM,  Microsoft, Amazon, Google, Facebook, Dell, Oracle, PWC, Yahoo, Baidu, KPMG, Ernst & Young, SAP, Wikimedia, Symantec, eBay, Tencent, and Infosys. If  no trusted-third-party monitors specific impacts, these kinds of companies will likely take blame by default. On the other hand, the discovery of social responsibility also provides opportunity to differentiate themselves.

If you cannot access the article from the Computers & Society website, you can find a cached draft here.

Natural Gadfly, Chapter 3 of GRIN Free-GRIN Together

Natural GadflyA draft of “Natural Gadfly,”  the third chapter of the proposed book, GRIN Free – GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should), has been posted at GRINFree.com. This is the first of four chapters describing the heritage, social importance, and needs of people by GRIN-type. It is designed to foster sensitivity and appreciation for natural gadflies, and to offer practical suggestions about creating social environments which support them.

Releasing second chapter of GRIN Free – GRIN Together

Identifying oneselfExtending the sample for the proposed book, GRIN Free – GRIN Together: How to let people be themselves (and why you should), a draft of the second chapter has been posted at GRINFree.com. Titled “Identify Yourself,” it explains the significance of the GRIN Self-Quiz and how to administer and score it manually. This book is written for a common audience—for the technical validation study, click here.

Find Yourself – Free GRIN Self-Quiz

The GRIN Self-Quiz (GRINSQ) has been released into the public domain.  Take the quiz at GRINFree.com, and get your results instantly at no charge.  You can share your results or keep them completely confidential—it’s entirely up to you.

Click to begin

The GRIN Self-Quiz is intended to supplement other measures of evaluative diversity (e.g. genetic tests, behavioral tests, functional MRI, professional interviews, etc.), by providing initial screening at very low cost: just the  two-minutes it takes to make twenty-four pairwise choices.  

As the site says, “Freedom is Personalized,” which means that your freedom, as well as that of your loved-ones and coworkers, depends upon self-awareness.  The self-quiz was developed to make freedom as free as possible by giving all English-speaking internet users access to a powerful tool for discovering the central ways they differ from each other.

Distributing a link to the quiz is an obvious first step for any manager or parent seeking to honor evaluative diversity in their team or family.  We can begin to understand the ways we may discriminate against each other only after we recognize the ways we differ.

Like ecosystem managers who protect biodiversity even before most species have been identified, social leaders can begin to protect evaluative diversity right now via practical tools like the GRIN Self-Quiz.  Stay tuned at GRINFree.com for more to come.